Chuvans are an indigenous people of the northeast of Siberia; currently, they live in settlements in the middle and lower reaches of the Anadyr. Their native tongue that had probably been closely related to Yukaghir is lost. The 2010 Census recorded 1,002 Chuvans in Russia, the 2020 Census recorded 900 Chuvans with most of them (742) living in the Chukotka autonomous area.

General information
Previously, they used the endonyms etel’ / etal / atal derived from Yukaghirs’ endonym odul lit. ‘person.’ (Bogoraz 1934: 7–8; Batyanova, Shentalinskaya 2010: 445). Additionally, the Chukchi called reindeer herding Chuvans “those from a different tribe, strangers, enemies,” and they called settled Chuvans ‘those from a different Yukaghir tribe.’ The ethnonym “Chuvans” appeared in written sources since the mid-17th century when Russian explorers arrived in the northeast of Siberia.
Surrounding society and the main economic society of the region of residence

Due to Chukotka’s unique nature, climate and geography, its economy is based on a combination of high-tech extracting industry and traditional occupations of Chukotka’s indigenous small-numbered peoples (reindeer herding, sea-hunting, fishing, etc.).

Spiritual culture

Both spiritual and material Chuvan culture constitutes a complex mosaic of Yukaghir, Koryak, Russian, Chukchi, and Even elements. It is hard to identify something specifically Chuvan in this combination, and then again, Chuvan culture stands out because of and is marked precisely by its eclectic (catch-all) nature.

Supplementary materials
Other materials describing the life, culture and history of the people
Interactive Atlas of the Indigenous Small-Numbered Peoples of the North, Siberia and the Far East