The endonym “Chukchi” comes from the self-name of the tundra Chukchi chauchu/chavchu, that is, “reindeer man”. The coastal Chukchi were called ankalyt/ankalyn, “the sea people”. There was also a common self-name for both the reindeer herders and the sea animal hunters, lygyoravetlyan, “real people”, but it did not take root as the official name of the people.

General Information
The Chukchi are an indigenous people of the Far Northeast Asia. According to the All-Russian Census of 2010, its population is just under 16 thousand people. They live mainly in the Chukotka autonomous area (over 12 thousand people), as well as in the north of the Kamchatka Territory and in the Nizhnekolymsk district of Yakutia. The Chukchi are settled over a vast territory: from Kolyma to the Bering Sea and from the Arctic Ocean to the Kamchatka Territory. Their territory measures over 1600 km from east to west and 1200 km and from south to north.
Surrounding society and the main economic activity of the region of residence

The area’s economy is primarily based on mining industry, namely gold mining. It is concentrated in the north of the area, in the Shmidtovsky, Chaunsky and Bilibinsky districts. Sergei Obruchev’s expedition (1934–1935) discovered a large tin ore deposit on the territory of Chukotka; later it was supplemented by a rich placer deposit of tin. In the late 1950s-early 1960s, two gold mining enterprises, “Komsomolsky” and “Baranikha,” were set up, and a little later the “Plamenny” mercury mine was added to them.

Spiritual culture

The traditional worldview of the Chukchi was based on mythological ideas about nature and society. The creation of the world, animals and humans is not presented in Chukchi myths via a united narrative. There are disjointed passages, as it were, that describe the Supreme Deity creating separate types of life on earth, without any connection or justification.

Supplementary materials
Other materials describing the life, culture and history of the people
Interactive Atlas of the Indigenous Small-Numbered Peoples of the North, Siberia and the Far East