One widespread hypothesis claims that the ethnonym “Yukaghir” derives from Even words “yuke” meaning “cold” or “yoke” meaning “remote” that, together with the suffix “ghir” (“people”/”tribe”) are translated as “a remote tribe” / “people of a cold land.”

General information
By the time the first written information about Yukaghirs had appeared in the 17th century, they lived over vast territories of Northeast Siberia from the river Lena to the river Anadyr. Yukaghirs were not a monolithic ethnic community and were divided into clans and tribes.
Surrounding society and the main economic society of the region of residence

Radical economic reforms of the 1990s plunged agriculture in the Verkhnekolymsk district into a protracted crisis. Rapid and unprepared transition to market economy produced an uncontrolled spike in prices of fuel, equipment, food, clothes; communication systems and sales strategies for local artisans, hunters and fishermen and support systems for fragile northern economic sectors were destroyed.

Spiritual culture

Yukaghir traditional mythology was based on worshipping nature, on shamanism, hunting and fishing rituals. They believed the world to have three parts: the upper heavenly world, the middle earthly world, and the lower underworld. Each is populated by many spirits that periodically interact.

Supplementary materials
Other materials describing the life, culture and history of the people
Interactive Atlas of the Indigenous Small-Numbered Peoples of the North, Siberia and the Far East