A group of related peoples, Inuits have settled widely along the Arctic coast of the US (Alaska) and Canada, in Greenland (Denmark) and along the southeast coast of the Chukotka Peninsula (Russia). They clearly see themselves as generally different from their neighbors, Native Americans in America and the Chukchi in Asia. However, Inuits have smaller ethnic groups within their larger community, with each group having its own dialect and specific cultural traits.

General Information
The name “Inuit” has been entrenched in scholarship worldwide and entered in extensive use throughout the world. It is associated with the culture of Arctic hunters, indigenous inhabitants of Greenland, the Arctic coast of North America, and parts of Chukotka. In Inuktitut, “Inuit” means “person,” this name applies to members of this people living in Canada or along the Arctic coast of North America. The ethnonym “Inuit” is derived from the endonym popularized by the movement for a “more attractive and indigenous” name of the people. In 1970, at the Council of North Quebec, Inuits’ representatives enshrined the name Inuit for their groups. Inuits also include indigenous residents of Greenland and Asian Inuits living in the east of Chukotka.
Surrounding society and the main economic activity of the region of residence

The Chukotka autonomous area is the northeasternmost region of the Russian Federation; it is part of the Far Eastern Federal District and borders with Yakutia in the west, with the Magadan region and the Kamchatka territory in the south, and Alaska (US) in the east. The entire District lies in Russia’s polar region.

Spiritual Culture

Traditional beliefs of Asian Inuits are close to those of the Chukchi. They were shamanists. The shaman was an intermediary between spirits and people. He exorcised diseases, helped people lost in the tundra or carried away on ice floe get back home; he influenced the weather and “summoned” game. Inuit shamans did not have special clothes, but they did wear pendants, fringes, and tassels. Shamans could be both men and women.

Supplementary materials
Other materials describing the life, culture and history of the people
Interactive Atlas of the Indigenous Small-Numbered Peoples of the North, Siberia and the Far East