The most common endonym of the Chulym people (the Chulym Turki) is tadar/tadar kizhi (common, in addition to the Chulyms, to the Shors and partially to the Altaians and the Khakass); Other variants include ös kizhi, us kizhi, chulym kizhi, pistin kizhi (“our people”, “the locals”). The total number according to the census of 2002 is 656 persons; according to the census of 2010, 355.

General Information
The Chulym represent two large linguistic, cultural and ethnographic groups: the Verkhovsky (“Upper”) and Nizovsky (“Lower”) Chulyms, who are the speakers of the Middle Chulym and the Lower Chulym dialects of the Chulym language, respectively; a border between them can be drawn approximately in the area between the rivers Yaya and Kiya (located in the Zyryansky district of the Tomsk region). These groups, being similar in ethnographic, cultural and everyday life and not regarding themselves as two separate peoples, were still noticeably different in linguistic terms as the Lower Chulym and the Middle Chulym dialects belong to the different groups and even branches of the Turkic language family.
Surrounding society and the main economic activity of the region of residence

The main area of residence of the Chulym people are the Pervomaisky, Asinovsky, Zyryansky, Teguldetsky districts of the Tomsk area; also the Tyukhtetsky district of the Krasnoyarsk Territory. In all these areas, the agriculture and/or forestry play a major economic role. The basis of the economy of the Pervomaisky district is timber industry. Sand, chalk, clay and mineral paints are mined there, as well. The prevalent industries of the Asinovsky district are timber industry ( “Lesnoye Prichulymye” and “A-les”), woodworking, plywood production. A feed mill, a municipal dairy plant and a meat processing plant are also located there.

Spiritual Culture

In general, the traditional worldview of the Chulyms was close to one of their closest relatives, the Turki of southern Siberia. In brief extant descriptions of their religious beliefs (very few had survived, unfortunately, by the time the systematic ethnographic research began), we find references to the fact that the supreme deity was Ulgen (or Kudai, a name common to the Turki of southern Siberia and borrowed from the Iranian *xwadāy, “God”, “Lord”); his antagonist, the master of the underworld of the dead, was Erlik.

Supplementary materials
Other materials describing the life, culture and history of the people
Interactive Atlas of the Indigenous Small-Numbered Peoples of the North, Siberia and the Far East